The Concept of Toxic Positivity: Exploring Its Definition and Implications

Author - Bash Sarmiento
Published - September 13, 2023

Positivity is a trait that many cherish as it serves as the cornerstone for happiness. Everyone is expected to maintain an optimistic outlook, find silver linings in challenging situations, and exude positivity no matter how great the hurdle becomes.

After all, looking at problems in a positive way helps people think more clearly and fosters emotional growth. However, beneath the surface of this positivity-driven mindset lies a phenomenon that warrants a closer look: toxic positivity.



Toxic positivity is the idea that people should always be upbeat regardless of how dreadful or challenging a circumstance is. While it may seem harmless, such an outlook leads to dismissing or invalidating people's true emotions and struggles.

To further understand the intricacies of toxic positivity, this article will dive into its definition and the characteristics that distinguish it from healthy optimism. It will also explore the profound impact toxic positivity can have on individuals and society as a whole.


Understanding Toxic Positivity

At its core, toxic positivity is a mindset that holds the relentless pursuit of positive emotions while shunning or belittling any expression of negative feelings. It is an attitude that places an undue emphasis on presenting an unwavering façade of happiness and optimism, regardless of the complexities of life's challenges.

This mindset also fosters an environment where emotional struggles are invalidated, and individuals are pressured to mask their authentic negative emotions with a veneer of constant optimism.


Characteristics of toxic positivity

As you navigate this concept, it's essential to understand the distinct characteristics that define toxic positivity.

As mentioned, negative emotions are disregarded when it comes to toxic positivity. People who adhere to this mindset are likely to respond to sadness, anger, or fear with dismissiveness by saying things like "Just stay positive" or "Don't let it get to you."

While they appear as well-intentioned thoughts, such expressions inadvertently undermine the authenticity of negative emotions. They also imply that such feelings should be swiftly brushed aside in favor of an ever-present veneer of happiness. 

This characteristic not only invalidates the natural flow of emotions but also promotes a culture of emotional suppression, preventing individuals from acknowledging and processing their genuine feelings.

Another hallmark of toxic positivity is the unrelenting pressure it places on individuals to maintain an aura of unceasing positivity, regardless of their circumstances. In this paradigm, acknowledging struggles or setbacks is often deemed a sign of weakness.

Such a mindset leaves individuals feeling compelled to mask their challenges with a smile and strive to live up to an unrealistic standard that ignores the inevitability of hardships. 


The Impact of Toxic Positivity

While the intention behind toxic positivity might be to uplift and motivate, its consequences can be counterproductive and detrimental to emotional well-being. By glossing over genuine emotions, individuals are denied the opportunity for healthy emotional processing, leading to potential long-term mental and psychological repercussions.


Creation of unrealistic expectations

Toxic positivity sets the stage for the creation of unrealistic expectations by promoting the idea that one should maintain a constant state of happiness regardless of circumstances. As individuals internalize the need to always appear positive, they might develop a sense of inadequacy when faced with genuine emotional struggles. 

In turn, this expectation fails to acknowledge the natural flow of life, where challenges and setbacks are inevitable. The pressure to meet this idealized standard can also lead to feelings of failure and anxiety, as individuals attempt to live up to an unattainable and artificial sense of positivity.


Reinforcement of societal pressures

Society inadvertently reinforces the toxic positivity mindset by putting more value on happiness and success above negativity. This pervasive message that pessimistic feelings should be concealed perpetuates harmful cultural norms that stigmatize vulnerability and authentic emotional expression.

Moreover, this societal pressure can lead individuals to suppress their genuine emotions as they fear judgment or rejection if they dare to share their struggles openly.


Effects on mental health

By dismissing or suppressing negative emotions, individuals deny themselves the opportunity to process and heal from life's challenges. This emotional suppression can lead to heightened stress, anxiety, and even depression, as unaddressed feelings fester beneath the surface.

Additionally, the pressure to maintain a positive facade can also isolate individuals and prevent them from seeking support or professional help when needed. Over time, the cumulative effect of unexpressed emotions can erode self-esteem, hinder personal growth, and contribute to a diminished sense of emotional resilience.


Strained interpersonal relationships

Being conditioned to prioritize positivity above everything else causes individuals to struggle to connect with others on a deeper level. That's because they might feel unheard or invalidated if their concerns are met with dismissive positivity.

When someone is struggling, offering superficial positivity rather than genuine support can further alienate them. The expectation of constant cheerfulness can prevent authentic conversations about shared challenges, leading to a sense of emotional disconnect and isolation within relationships.



From its definition as an attitude that suppresses negative emotions to its defining characteristics of dismissing authenticity and pressuring constant positivity, toxic positivity casts a shadow on one's well-being and relationships. Its impact resonates through the creation of unrealistic expectations, the reinforcement of societal pressures, and the toll it takes on mental health.

Exploring this concept has unraveled the truth that emotional well-being stems not from suppressing our struggles but from embracing them with empathy and understanding. By dismantling the confines of toxic positivity, individuals can pave the way for a more authentic, compassionate, and emotionally vibrant existence wherein genuine growth and resilience can flourish.


Bash Sarmiento 2Author bio: Bash Sarmiento is a writer and an educator from Manila. He writes laconic pieces in the education, lifestyle, and health realms. His academic background and extensive experience in teaching, textbook evaluation, business management, and traveling are translated into his works.






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